Monday, August 24, 2020

Recreation, Leisure and Play Essay

The possibility of relaxation has been in presence for a long time and has come to have various implications relying upon the period in history or the human advancement that it started from. From as ahead of schedule as Ancient Greece, Rome or Babylonia, the term we presently know as recreation has existed in some structure or another. As has been broadly noted in starting diversion writings, schole was both the antiquated Greek word for recreation meaning, â€Å"serious movement without the weight of necessity† and is the base of the English word for school (Godbey, 2003). To the antiquated Greeks, recreation, training, and culture were interwoven. At the end of the day, learning was accessible just for the rich, individuals with the riches to bear the cost of available time. Relaxation, as we probably am aware it today, has transformed from the first importance of the word. From what I have perused and found in different books and articles, Leisure can be characterized in 3 distinct manners: recreation characterized as a condition or a perspective, relaxation characterized as a movement, and relaxation characterized as time. I will talk about the different meanings of relaxation today and afterward examine my issues with every definition. Recreation Defined as a State of Mind Leisure characterized as a perspective seems to be, in my brain, the least regularly utilized meaning of the word. The best approach to comprehend this idea would be use it in the setting, for example, â€Å"someone who is at leisure†; which means opportunity from tension, commitment, or requirement or having an inside locus of control. Locus of Control alludes to an individual’s impression of fundamental driver of occasions throughout everyday life. All the more basically, having an inward locus of control implies that you accept that you are the ace of your own fate. John Neulinger (1974) states: Recreation has one and only one basic measure, and that is the state of apparent opportunity. Any movement completed unreservedly, without imperative or impulse, might be viewed as relaxation. â€Å"To leisure† suggests being occupied with any action as a free specialist and of one’s own decision. (p. 12) Now I need you to remember this thought of recreation as any movement of one’s own free willed choice since I am going to address it again during the relaxation characterized as time. Recreation Defined as an Activity Leisure characterized as a movement is utilized generally also. A great many people would concur that recreation movement is something that is fun and charming during a non-working time. This thought makes it hard to pinpoint a recreation movement however. Understanding if the movement is performed for natural or outward purposes might be the main factor whether the action is relaxation or not. The qualification among inborn and outward properties assumes a basic job in expressing a few intriguing philosophical issues. For what reason am I playing out this activity? In the event that you are doing the action since you appreciate it, at that point you are performing it for its inherent worth. In the event that you would prefer not to partake in an action, yet you realize that you will profit by the action, you are performing it for its outward worth. A model would be an individual who rehearses on the piano since they like to play, versus an individual who rehearses piano since they need to win a music challenge. Who of the two is encountering relaxation as a movement? A great many people would concur that the principal individual is certainly encountering recreation as an action. The subsequent individual is the place the discussion lays. It is a similar accurate movement as the main individual, however the inspiration for playing out the action is extraordinary. I feel that as long as you, as a free willed individual, decide to play out any action then you are encountering relaxation as a movement since you are satisfying your wants. I feel that the main time when you are may not encounter recreation is the point at which you are kicking the bucket. On the off chance that you have carried on with a long life and in the end kick the bucket from mature age, I don't accept that you settled on the choice out of through and through freedom to die. In spite of the fact that, if an individual ends it all, does that people free willed choice make the demonstration of biting the dust a relaxation action? Some great inquiries to pose: If your vocation is your obsession, would you say you are consistently at relaxation? On the other hand, is an individual without work consistently at recreation? Artists, proficient competitors, and the destitute are for the most part explicit instances of circumstances that may help answer these inquiries. Recreation Defined as Time Leisure characterized as time might be the most usually comprehended significance of the word today due to its positive implications (Martin, 1975). Individuals frequently utilize the word recreation and the term extra time conversely. On a superficial level this definition appears to be fine, however as you dive further and pose troublesome inquiries, it begins to turn out to be less clear. What is available time? Extra time is characterized as time liberated from commitments or duties, or time to do with what you please. As Neulinger expressed his meaning of relaxation, playing out the action out of choice is the integral factor for whether it is recreation or not. This thought carries this idea to mind. Every person have been honored with the endowment of through and through freedom; an awareness of what our identity is and of the choices we make. Without cognizance we would in any case know about what is happening around us, however we would respond to it in a reflexive, natural way. With cognizance, we can purposely weigh what the faculties let us know, and react in like manner. In the event that this definition remains constant, shouldn’t all of life be viewed as recreation? Each choice, each activity, originates from our choices willingly. In the event that we proceed with this idea, a few inquiries emerge: †¢ Are there any examples in life that would keep you from encountering unrestrained choice? †¢ Do we generally settle on choices dependent on our wants? †¢ Do having needs that are not in a state of harmony with our wants refute our through and through freedom? These inquiries came in the wake of having a discussion with my companion. She disclosed to me that when you are a parent, you have commitments to your youngsters that may meddle with your available time. This is the place the damn splits open and it is dependent upon the person to choose. Her inquiry was, â€Å"What if my necessities as a parent can't be satisfied in light of the fact that I have work to ensure my children are taken care of and dressed? † I feel that despite the fact that you have the duty as a parent to accommodate your youngsters, you settled on the choice to have a kid realizing without a doubt the commitments and obligations that would at last accompany that choice. Available time, who might have figured two little words, would raise such huge numbers of inquiries? My Definition of Leisure After examining on the different meanings of the term recreation I propose the accompanying: Recreation is simply the wonder experienced by every mindful being whose choices are based out of unrestrained choice, regardless of whether those choices are made in the cognizant or subliminal psyche of the person. Entertainment Recreation is any movement which is unwinding to people or gives preoccupations from their ordinary daily schedule, and from various perspectives is additionally a restorative reward of one’s body or brain. Any action can conceivably be a recreational one. Get-aways to fascinating islands, games, contemplation, sitting in front of the TV, or playing restraining infrastructure are for the most part types of entertainment. A key factor to the movement being viewed as a recreational action is whether it is pleasurable. On the off chance that the movement isn't pleasurable, at that point the action can't be viewed as recreational in light of the fact that it isn't restoring to the body or psyche. For instance, two or three goes to the Caribbean for a subsequent vacation. They have arranged the excursion far ahead of time and the tickets and reservations are non-refundable. After showing up, the climate is horrendous and the couple can't take an interest in any of the exercises they had gotten ready for the outing. Despite the fact that the reality they were taking part in a business recreational movement, the climate kept them from having a charming time and in this manner the excursion was not reproducing to oneself or another. With the data gave, this get-away would not be delegated diversion. Fairchild characterized entertainment as â€Å"any action sought after during recreation, either individual or group, that is free and pleasurable, having its own quick intrigue, not induced by a postponed prize past itself† (Fairchild, 1944). Another part of diversion was introduced by Gray and Greben (1974) as: an enthusiastic condition inside an individual person that streams from a sentiment of prosperity and smugness. It is portrayed by feeling of authority, accomplishment, thrill, acknowledgment, achievement, individual worth, and delight. It strengthens positive mental self view. Amusement is a reaction to stylish experience, accomplishment of individual objectives, or positive criticism from others. It is autonomous of movement, recreation, or individual acknowledgment. (p. 23) This definition isn't centered around the action itself, however on the individual’s response to the movement; the people perspective. I would concur that this definition contacts the core of the subject much better. I expressed before that any action has the capability of being a recreational action. This is genuine in light of the fact that it relies upon how the individual feels about the action. A great many people experience joy during exercises like exercise, sports, unwinding, and traveling. In the event that you think thusly, at that point it is straightforward why a few exercises are summed up as recreational and why some are most certainly not. Albeit a few people consider work pleasurable, the vast majority don't cherish their activity. This is the reason I accept that work isn't all around acknowledged as recreational. My Definition of Recreation After pondering on the different meanings of the term diversion I propose the accompanying: Recreation is a positive perspective accomplished during any physical or non-physical exercises portrayed by sentiments which are restoring and reproducing to the body and soul. Play Leisure and diversion as I examined them

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Issues to consider when a neighborhood may be exposed to Hazardous Case Study - 1

Issues to look at when as an area might be presented to Hazardous Emissions - Case Study Example Individuals are profiting the best of its positive methodologies like clinical offices, correspondences and voyaging offices that has improved the personal satisfaction colossally. And yet, a few contrary effects have developed which are influencing individuals and their environmental factors to a serious degree. One of the primary fights which are going on among individuals and nature is to reestablish mother earth from the decimation which is going on due to the fast development of populace and vitality lack. To defeat the vitality issue, a few options have been attempted to fix the issue like Biomass which itself isn't useful for individuals and condition and it prompts the misbalancing of a characteristic harmony of earth. Testing and trials is been done on consistent schedule and consistently is a day of disclosure. With respect to this task, I might want to examine Phosphorus as a compound utilized in various types of utilities like toothpaste, firecrackers, pesticides, matches , explosives, cleanser and so forth. Basic Phosphorus: One of the fundamental basic phosphorus which is comprised of basic allotrope of phosphorus is white phosphorus. It is profoundly receptive components with air, water and with some other substance and because of this explanation this component isn't uninhibitedly found on earth. White Phosphorus is very combustible and is shaped by four particles which cause high ring strain and unsteadiness. It is self touching off and brings about a brilliant light when responds with air and can deliver thick smoke. It ought to be dealt with high safeguards as it can make extreme consumes the skin whenever reached. It is a wax like substance with yellowish shading or here and there dreary and it smells like garlic and can create thick smoke when touches off. Its blazes are likewise difficult to smother and can consume substance to bone under its covering thick smoke. (Ref: Elemental Phosphorus by A.K Saxena , 1982) Human Exposure of White Phos phorus: Emission of white phosphorus is conceivable through a great deal of conditions like while taking care of or transportation, unintentional spillage, during creation of arms and ammo. It is assessed by EPA 1989 that during the creation of white phosphorus, 0.58kg is radiated in air and keeping in mind that the military use for lighting up the air or for delivering smoke, the thickness of smoke is 0.1mg/m3 and the convergence of white phosphorus in smoke was 21 ppb as indicated by EPA 1991. The nearness of white phosphorus in condition or air can be deadly as it is noxious. Any human presentation to White phosphorus can encounter queasiness, stomach throb and languor. It is harming for liver, kidneys or and it consumes the substance to bone whenever reached with skin. (Reference: Potential for Human Exposure) Environmental Effects of Phosphorus: Industrial utilization of White Phosphorus in the creation of ammo, the discharge of wastewater containing a lot of white phosphorus s ettles at the surface along the edge. White phosphorus isn't responsive in water and however it collects in the living beings which can be hurtful for amphibian life. It remains in the dirt for a few days before it transforms into less hurtful substances however in profound soil it can remain for a huge number of years and that is one of the primary purpose behind desalination and

Sunday, July 19, 2020

Drug and Alcohol Rehab Programs for Beginners

Drug and Alcohol Rehab Programs for Beginners Addiction Coping and Recovery Methods and Support Print Drug and Alcohol Rehab Programs for Beginners By Buddy T facebook twitter Buddy T is an anonymous writer and founding member of the Online Al-Anon Outreach Committee with decades of experience writing about alcoholism. Learn about our editorial policy Buddy T Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on October 13, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on October 15, 2019 ONOKY - Eric Audras/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images More in Addiction Coping and Recovery Methods and Support Overcoming Addiction Personal Stories Alcohol Use Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Nicotine Use A first-time rehab experience can be scaryâ€"but it can also give you the lift you need to adopt a sober lifestyle. Learn what is it like to go into a rehab program.?? No Locks First, there are no locks are on the doors. You are free to leave at any time. Even if you have been adjudicated by the criminal justice system into the program, you can still walk out. You may face the consequences later, but you can choose to leave. The reason there are no locks is that no rehab or treatment program is going to work unless you are willing. If you enter rehab knowing that you are going to drink or use drugs again, you are likely wasting your money and time. If you decide to stay, youll encounter similar conditions regardless of the facility you choose. Alcohol and Drug Rehab Recovery Begins With Treatment Initiation The First Stop: Detox Some residential rehab facilities feature their own in-house detoxification programs, but more centers today require clients to complete detox prior to entering their facilities.?? You may need to get clean and sober before you can even enter rehab. The trend today is to have you go through the withdrawal process at a facility that specializes in dealing with drug and alcohol withdrawal symptoms.?? Typically, this transition occurs on a short-termâ€"five to seven daysâ€"inpatient basis, although the time frame can vary.?? The Facilities Each residential rehab facility is different in its physical facilities.?? They range from almost primitive camp-type settingsâ€"usually for troubled teensâ€"to the most luxurious facilities imaginable, and everything in between. Like most other things in life, you get what you pay for or what you or your insurance can afford. The type of physical facilities the program offers may have little to do with how successful or effective their program might be in keeping you sober. So, its important to research the type of treatments offered as well as their success rates.?? Education Education is the core component of all treatment and rehab programs. It may vary from facility to facility. The process is aimed at getting you to look at your addiction honestly and realistically, and change your attitude about your drug and alcohol use.?? In the early stages of recovery, most alcoholics or addicts may still be holding on to some  denial  about the seriousness of their problem or may be ambivalent about quitting drugs and alcohol for good. Treatment programs try to break through that denial and ambivalence to try to get you to commit to a clean and sober lifestyle. Typically, you will learn about the nature of alcoholism, the dynamics of addiction, the effects drugs and alcohol have on your body, and the consequences if you continue to use. Where to Find Free Alcohol and Drug Treatment Programs Counseling and Group Therapy During your rehab, you will probably receive individual counseling with a trained addiction counselor and you will possibly participate daily in group therapy meetings with others at the facility.?? These sessions are designed to teach you the skills that you will need to live life without drugs and alcohol. You will learn how to recognize situations in which you are most likely to drink or use drugs and how to avoid these circumstances in the future. You will learn new coping skills. The group sessions are designed to teach you the value of seeking support from others who are going through the same experiences and challenges that you are. In some facilities, these group sessions may be actual 12-step meetings. In other facilities, they may be facilitated by staff members.?? Family Meetings Many successful drug and alcohol rehab programs include members of your family in your treatment program. Some programs include family members and friends throughout the entire rehab process, from the initial assessment through continued follow-up aftercare. Research has shown that including family and friends in the educational process significantly improves rehab outcomes. In the family meetings, your family members will learn about the dynamics of addiction, learn to identify strengths and resources to help encourage you in your recovery, discuss how they have been affected by your substance abuse, and learn how they also can begin to heal their own wounds.?? Many rehab facilities require family members to attend Al-Anon meetings if they want to visit you while you are in treatment, to learn how they may have been enabling you and contributing to the problem with their actions and reactions to your substance abuse. Aftercare Program The typical residential drug and alcohol rehab program will last about 28 days, sometimes longer, during which you remain in a structured environment where no drugs are alcohol are available. Successful rehab programs have a strong aftercare program plan designed to meet your individual needs. By now your counselor probably knows you well and will suggest the next steps based on where you are on your recovery journey. Your aftercare plan may include intensive outpatient treatment, residence at a halfway house, attendance at 12-step meetings, weekly check-ins with your counselor, and other suggestions to help you avoid the situations and triggers that might cause you to relapse.?? What Happens When a Loved One Goes to Alcohol or Drug Rehab?

Thursday, May 21, 2020

A Psychologically Framed Expoloration of Human Nature The...

The Wild Duck one of Ibsen’s later plays not only shows his great talent for mimesis writing with a social depth and distinguished realism, it offers a psychological framed exploration into human nature. The first scene focuses on social space both in terms of class and family. The Wild Duck offers an illusion or picture of reality. We can analyze and discuss many patterns of actions in the play as a whole. In Act II a pattern of actions that caught my attention was the constant effort on behalf of Greger, to free Hjalmar from the illusion that his family is perfect. Eventually Greger manages to shatter that by driving Hedvig to commit suicide. Greger finds out that there is a secret being held back from him in Act I, that his father Werle†¦show more content†¦When reading this play there is a language attraction between Greger and Hedvig. Unlike her parents, Hedvig doesn’t ignore Greger’s statements he makes in the play as being to intellectual or even ridiculous at times. She is rather intrigued by them. After Geger’s has said that he would like to be ‘a clever dog ‘Gina wants Hedvig to confirm that Greger is a little strange. ‘Wasn’t that a queer business, his wanting to be a dog?’ Hedvig has a different opinion. Whereas the adults are unwilling, to acknowledge that Greger’s is speaking in code, Hedvig states her belief that it was just as if he meant something else from what he said all the time letting her mother know that the surface of his language is literal and differs radically from its depths. Later in the play, referring to Ekdal’s wild duck, Gregers states that ‘she has been in the depth of sea’ Hedvig is very amused, first by the fact that Greger’s uses the â€Å"depths† instead of the word â€Å"bottom† it lets her know that he as well had the same wild idea and approach to describe the attic where the duck lives. Greger uses a lot of metaphors as well to let Hedvig use her imagination if in fact the attic is only an attic. At the the end of the play when

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

E Commerce A Storage Environment - 1004 Words

We use database in our everyday life and some of the common uses of databases are given below: †¢ Personal Cloud Storage: When in our any type of storage device like a phone or a tablet we are saving documents like a photo or an audio file we are saving it in a cloud. Now the cloud here is a storage environment presented to us by syncing data through a powerful database, we not only store data but can call the data anytime and retrieve it. †¢ Social Media: User information is required by every social media platform which is stored by databases to provide the end user with recommendation of friends, topics, businesses and products of preference. †¢ E-commerce: Database is used by any type of online organization to orient and organize their products, customer information, record of purchase, pricing information to further recommend about potential products to their customers This data is stored in highly secured database and the quality of security is attained by PCI(Payment Card Industry) standard. †¢ Healthcare: For an easy access hospitals, clinics and other organizations of healthcare store patient’s information which are large in amount. A group of huge databases are used to store these information. The security of such databases are protected by the standard of HIPAA compliance. Even information regarding insurance of health is organized by a NoSQL database for example Cassandra.. †¢ Finances: Finance industry requires plentiful databases to store information, the pictureShow MoreRelatedE Commerce : A Storage Environment1025 Words   |  5 PagesWe use database in our everyday life and some of the common uses of databases are given below: †¢ Personal Cloud Storage: When in our any type of storage device like a phone or a tablet we are saving documents like a photo or an audio file we are saving it in a cloud. Now the cloud here is a storage environment presented to us by syncing data through a powerful database, we not only store data but can call the data anytime and retrieve it. †¢ Social Media: User information is required by every socialRead MoreB2b E Marketplace Is An Internet Based Platform901 Words   |  4 PagesA B2B e-marketplace is an Internet based platform that enables corporations of any size to exchange goods, services, and information in an efficient way than was previously not possible. In the current traditional supplier environment, each supplier carries a catalog of building materials, which is basically information about the many different types of building materials held for distribution or availability of supply. The catalog strictly provides information regarding the specification of theRead MoreManaging Of The Digital World826 Words   |  4 PagesComputing and Big Data as the big five (Valacich 2016). Personally, I have observed this shift in my IT career in K-12 Education. Initially, schools were primarily Windows OS desktops and laptops. However over time, it’s definitely shifted to a Post-PC environment. 1-1 device programs have triggered a heavy shift to mobile devices such as ipads and other tablets. As a district IT department this has greatly changed both the demands of our physical infrastructure as well procedures and expectations of ourRead MoreBusiness Models in Ecom1049 Words   |  5 PagesOverview Lecture 2 E-Commerce Business Models Boriana Koleva C54 Key components of e-commerce business models Major B2C business models Major B2B business models Business models in other emerging areas of e-commerce Benefits and Problems with E-Commerce E-commerce Business Models Business model – set of planned activities designed to result in a profit in a marketplace Business plan – document that describes a firm’s business model E-commerce business model – aims to use andRead MoreTaking a Look at eBay Inc.978 Words   |  4 Pagespresent in over thirty countries and more. What started as a personal project has gone on to revolutionize the e-commerce platform and has become a huge success of the dot-com bubble. Throughout its existence, eBay Inc. has used many different approaches towards its clients, and consumers in order to make the environment as safe and reliable as possible. This is due to the fact that the e-commerce platform has its own challenges from time to time, and for a company like eBay Inc. that does what it doesRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Mobile Technology Essay1447 Words   |  6 PagesThe remarkable development of technology in the past decade has elevated the standards of e-commerce in the conte mporary market. E-commerce has expanded from the conventional methods of electronic transactions through hardware computers into more dynamic and expedient system of mobile commerce through portable devices. Mobile computing has developed to be an emergent technology and its blend with e-commerce has become an important part of modern-day businesses and in our contemporary lifestyle. Read MoreB2B vs B2C Legal Ethical And Regulatory Essay890 Words   |  4 PagesB2B site include the use and storage of intellectual property by others, financial terms and payment methods are openly discussed, government regulations may impact the way that business is conducted, privacy is not as important. Whether the site is a B2B or a B2C, the world of e-commerce is confronted with issues which usually occur in one of the following categories. Privacy, property, accuracy and accessibility. Privacy deals with the collection and storage of personal information. PropertyRead MoreThe Impact Of E Commerce On Retail Industry1697 Words   |  7 Pagesimpact of E-Commerce on the ‘Retail Industry’ August 8 2016 The Findings and Analysis of customer information on an e-commerce platform. The Improved Marketing techniques of e-commerce. Security issues associated with conducting business over the internet and the methods used to combat these security vulnerabilities’ on e-commerce and the use of social media e-commerce the conventional method of conducting business today â€Æ' The Main Elements of E-Commerce and the impact of E-Commerce on ‘RetailRead MoreSupply Chain Mgmt in B2B and B2C Environment1451 Words   |  6 PagesSupply Chain Management in B2B and B2C Environments Supply chain management, whether in a traditional or E-commerce environment, involves distributing products, goods and services from point of manufacture to the delivery of the final product. Supply chain management, whether related to B2B or B2C retailers involves manufacturing, storage, distribution and delivery of products and services to consumers and other businesses. B2B supply chain management is slightly more complex than B2C transactionsRead MoreThe Global Leader in E-Commerce1605 Words   |  7 PagesBeing a Fortune 500 company, Amazon, started by Jeff Bezos in 1995, is the global leader in e-commerce. Amazon offers a wide variety of products, ranging from hardcover books to jewelry to electronics, as conveniently as possible to its customers (About Amazon, 2009). Although Amazon has begun to revolutionize retailing, the company’s competitive advantage and evolution has been put into question. The competitive advantage and evolution of Amazon can be analyzed by d etermining if the company if moving

Macbeth in 21 Century English Free Essays

string(168) " jewel Given to the common enemy of man, To make them kings, the seed of Banquo kings! Rather than so, come fate into the list, And champion me to th’ utterance\." Original Text | Modern Text | | | Enter  BANQUO | BANQUO  enters. | 510 | BANQUO Thou hast it now: king, Cawdor, Glamis, all, As the weird women promised, and I fear Thou played’st most foully for ’t. Yet it was said It should not stand in thy posterity, But that myself should be the root and father Of many kings. We will write a custom essay sample on Macbeth in 21 Century English or any similar topic only for you Order Now If there come truth from them— As upon thee, Macbeth, their speeches shine— Why, by the verities on thee made good, May they not be my oracles as well, And set me up in hope? But hush, no more. BANQUO Now you have it all: you’re the king, the thane of Cawdor, and the thane of Glamis, just like the weird women promised you. And I suspect you cheated to win these titles. But it was also prophesied that the crown would not go to your descendants, and that my sons and grandsons would be kings instead. If the witches tell the truth—which they did about you—maybe what they said about me will come true too. But shhh! I’ll shut up now. | | Sennet sounded. Enter  MACBETH, as king,  LADY MACBETH, as queen,  LENNOX,  ROSS,  LORDS,LADIES, and attendants | A trumpet plays. MACBETH  enters dressed as king, and  LADY MACBETH  enters dressed as queen, together with  LENNOX,  ROSS,  LORDS,LADIES, and their attendants | | MACBETH Here’s our chief guest. | MACBETH (indicating BANQUO)  Here’s our most important guest. | | LADY MACBETH If he had been forgotten, It had been as a gap in our great feast, And all-thing unbecoming. | LADY MACBETH If we forgot him, our big celebration wouldn’t be complete, and that wouldn’t be any good. | 15 | MACBETH Tonight we hold a solemn supper, sir, And I’ll request your presence. | MACBETH (to  BANQUO)  Tonight we’re having a ceremonial banquet, and I want you to be there. | BANQUO Let your highness Command upon me, to the which my duties Are with a most indissoluble tie Forever knit. | BANQUO Whatever your highness commands me to do, it is always my duty to do it. | Original Text | Modern Text | | 20 | MACBETH Ride you this afternoon? | MACBETH Are you going riding this afternoon? | | BANQUO Ay, my good lord. | BANQUO Yes, my good lord. | 25 | MACBETH We should have else desired your good advice— Which still hath been both grave and prosperous— In this day’s council, but we’ll take tomorrow. Is ’t far you ride? MACBETH We would have liked to have heard your good advice, which has always been serious and helpful, at the council today, but we’ll wait until tomorrow. Are you riding far? | | BANQUO As far, my lord, as will fill up the time ‘Twixt this and supper. Go not my horse the better, I must become a borrower of the night For a dark hour or twain. | BANQUO I’m going far enough that I’ll be riding from now until dinner. Unless my horse goes faster than expected, I will be back an hour or two after sunset. | | MACBETH Fail not our feast. | MACBETH Don’t miss our feast. 30 | BANQUO My lord, I will not. | BANQUO My lord, I won’t miss it. | 35 | MACBETH We hear our bloo dy cousins are bestowed In England and in Ireland, not confessing Their cruel parricide, filling their hearers With strange invention. But of that tomorrow, When therewithal we shall have cause of state Craving us jointly. Hie you to horse. Adieu, Till your return at night. Goes Fleance with you? | MACBETH We hear that the princes, those murderers, have hidden in England and Ireland. They haven’t confessed to cruelly murdering their own father, and they’ve been making up strange lies to tell their hosts. But we can talk more about that tomorrow, when we’ll discuss matters of state that concern us both. Hurry up and get to your horse. Good-bye, until you return tonight. Is Fleance going with you? | | BANQUO Ay, my good lord. Our time does call upon ’s. | BANQUO Yes, my good lord. It’s time we hit the road. | 40 | MACBETH I wish your horses swift and sure of foot, And so I do commend you to their backs. Farewell. | MACBETH I hope your horses are fast and surefooted. And with that, I send you to them. Farewell. | | Exit  BANQUO | BANQUO  exits. | 45 | Let every man be master of his time Till seven at night. To make society The sweeter welcome, we will keep ourself Till suppertime alone. While then, God be with you! | Everybody may do as they please until seven o’clock tonight. In order to make your company even more enjoyable, I’m going to keep to myself until suppertime. Until then, God be with you! | Original Text | Modern Text | | | Exeunt all except  MACBETH  and a  SERVANT | Everyone exits except  MACBETH  and aSERVANT | | Sirrah, a word with you. Attend those men Our pleasure? | (to the  SERVANT)  You there, let me have a word with you. Are those men waiting for me? | SERVANT They are, my lord, without the palace gate. | SERVANT They’re waiting outside the palace gate, my lord. | | MACBETH Bring them before us. | MACBETH Bring them to me. | | Exit  SERVANT | The  SERVANT  exits. | 5055606570 | To be thus is nothing, But to be safely thus. Our fears in Banquo Stick deep, and in his royalty of nature Reigns that which would be feared. ‘ Tis much he dares, And to that dauntless temper of his mind He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valor To act in safety. There is none but he Whose being I do fear, and under him My genius is rebuked, as it is said Mark Antony’s was by Caesar. He chid the sisters When first they put the name of king upon me And bade them speak to him. Then, prophetlike, They hailed him father to a line of kings. Upon my head they placed a fruitless crown And put a barren scepter in my grip, Thence to be wrenched with an unlineal hand, No son of mine succeeding. If ’t be so, For Banquo’s issue have I filed my mind; For them the gracious Duncan have I murdered; Put rancors in the vessel of my peace Only for them; and mine eternal jewel Given to the common enemy of man, To make them kings, the seed of Banquo kings! Rather than so, come fate into the list, And champion me to th’ utterance. Who’s there? | To be the king is nothing if I’m not safe as the king. I’m very afraid of Banquo. There’s something noble about him that makes me fear him. He’s willing to take risks, and his mind never stops working. He has the wisdom to act bravely but also safely. I’m not afraid of anyone but him. Around him, my guardian angel is frightened, just as Mark Antony’s angel supposedly feared Octavius Caesar. Banquo chided the witches when they first called me king, asking them to tell him his own future. Then, like prophets, they named him the father to a line of kings. They gave me a crown and a scepter that I can’t pass on. Someone outside my family will take these things away from me, since no son of mine will take my place as king. If this is true, then I’ve tortured my conscience and murdered the gracious Duncan for Banquo’s sons. I’ve ruined my own peace for their benefit. I’ve handed over my everlasting soul to the devil so that they could be kings. Banquo’s sons, kings! Instead of watching that happen, I will challenge fate to battle and fight to the death. Who’s there! | Enter  SERVANT  and two  MURDERERS | The  SERVANT  comes back in with twoMURDERERS | Original Text | Modern Text | | 75 | Now go to the door and stay there till we call. | Now go to the door and stay there until I call for you. | | Exit  SERVANT | The  SERVANT  exits. | | Was it not yesterday we spoke together? | Wasn’t it just yesterday that we spoke to each other? | | FIRST MURDERER It was, so please your highness. | FIRST MURDERER It was yesterday, your highness. | 8085 | MACBETH Well then, now Have you considered of my speeches? Know That it was he, in the times past, which held you So under fortune, which you thought had been Our innocent self. This I made good to you In our last conference, passed in probation with you, How you were borne in hand, how crossed, the instruments, Who wrought with them, and all things else that might To half a soul and to a notion crazed Say, â€Å"Thus did Banquo. † | MACBETH Well, did you think about what I said? You should know that it was Banquo who made your lives hell for so long, which you always thought was my fault. But I was innocent. I showed you the proof at our last meeting. I explained how you were deceived, how you were thwarted, the things that were used against you, who was working against you, and a lot of other things that would convince even a half-wit or a crazy person to say, â€Å"Banquo did it! † | | FIRST MURDERER You made it known to us. | FIRST MURDERER You explained it all. | 90 | MACBETH I did so, and went further, which is now Our point of second meeting. Do you find Your patience so predominant in your nature That you can let this go? Are you so gospeled To pray for this good man and for his issue, Whose heavy hand hath bowed you to the grave And beggared yours forever? MACBETH I did that and more, which brings me to the point of this second meeting. Are you so patient and forgiving that you’re going to let him off the hook? Are you so pious that you would pray for this man and his children, a man who has pushed you toward an early grave and put your family in poverty forever? | | FIRST MURDERER We are men, my liege. | F IRST MURDERER We are men, my lord. | 95100105110 | MACBETH Ay, in the catalogue ye go for men, As hounds and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels, curs, Shoughs, water-rugs, and demi-wolves are clept All by the name of dogs. The valued file Distinguishes the swift, the slow, the subtle, The housekeeper, the hunter, every one According to the gift which bounteous nature Hath in him closed, whereby he does receive Particular addition, from the bill That writes them all alike. And so of men. Now, if you have a station in the file, Not i’ th’ worst rank of manhood, say ’t, And I will put that business in your bosoms, Whose execution takes your enemy off, Grapples you to the heart and love of us, Who wear our health but sickly in his life, Which in his death were perfect. | MACBETH Yes, you’re part of the species called men. Just as hounds and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels, mutts, shaggy lapdogs, swimming dogs, and wolf-dog crossbreeds are all dogs. But if you list the different kinds of dogs according to their qualities, you can distinguish which breeds are fast or slow, which ones are clever, which ones are watchdogs, and which ones hunters. You can classify each dog according to the natural gifts that separate it from all other dogs. It’s the same with men. Now, if you occupy some place in the list of men that isn’t down at the very bottom, tell me. Because if that’s the case, I will tell you a plan that will get rid of your enemy and bring you closer to me. As long as Banquo lives, I am sick. I’ll be healthy when he is dead. | Original Text | Modern Text | | | SECOND MURDERER I am one, my liege, Whom the vile blows and buffets of the world Have so incensed that I am reckless what I do to spite the world. | SECOND MURDERER My lord, I’ve been so kicked around by the world, and I’m so angry, that I don’t even care what I do. | 115 | FIRST MURDERER And I another So weary with disasters, tugged with fortune, That I would set my life on any chance, To mend it or be rid on ’t. FIRST MURDERER I’m the same. I’m so sick of bad luck and trouble that I’d risk my life on any bet, as long as it would either fix my life or end it once and for all. | | MACBETH Both of you Know Banquo was your enemy. | MACBETH You both know Banquo was your enemy. | | BOTH MURDERERS True, my lord. | BOTH MURDERERS It’s true, my lord. | 120125 | MACBETH So is he mine; and in such bloody distance That every minute of his being thrusts Against my near’st of life. And though I could With barefaced power sweep him from my sight And bid my will avouch it, yet I must not, For certain friends that are both his and mine, Whose loves I may not drop, but wail his fall Who I myself struck down. And thence it is, That I to your assistance do make love, Masking the business from the common eye For sundry weighty reasons. | MACBETH He’s my enemy too, and I hate him so much that every minute he’s alive it eats away at my heart. Since I’m king, I could simply use my power to get rid of him. But I can’t do that, because he and I have friends in common whom I need, so I have to be able to moan and cry over his death in public even though I’ll be the one who had him killed. That’s why I need your help right now. I have to hide my real plans from the public eye for many important reasons. | | Original Text | Modern Text | 130 | SECOND MURDERER We shall, my lord, Perform what you command us. | SECOND MURDERER We’ll do what you want us to, my lord. | | FIRST MURDERER Though our lives— | FIRST MURDERER Though our lives— | 135140 | MACBETH Your spirits shine through you. Within this hour at most I will advise you where to plant yourselves, Acquaint you with the perfect spy o’ th’ time, The moment on ’t; for ’t must be done tonight, And something from the palace; always thought That I require a clearness. And with him— To leave no rubs nor botches in the work— Fleance, his son, that keeps him company, Whose absence is no less material to me Than is his father’s, must embrace the fate Of that dark hour. Resolve yourselves apart. I’ll come to you anon. | MACBETH (interrupts him)  I can see the determination in your eyes. Within the next hour I’ll tell you where to go and exactly when to strike. It must be done tonight, away from the palace. Always remember that I must be free from suspicion. For the plan to work perfectly, you must kill both Banquo and his son, Fleance, who keeps him company. Getting rid of Fleance is as important to me as knocking off Banquo. Each of you should make up your own mind about whether you’re going to do this. I’ll come to you soon. | | BOTH MURDERERS We are resolved, my lord. | BOTH MURDERERS We have decided, my lord. We’re in. | 145 | MACBETH I’ll call upon you straight. Abide within. | MACBETH I’ll call for you soon. Stay inside. | | Exeunt  MURDERERS | The  MURDERERS  exit. | It is concluded. Banquo, thy soul’s flight, If it find heaven, must find it out tonight. | The deal is closed. Banquo, if your soul is going to make it to heaven, tonight’s the night. | | Exit | He exits. | ACT 3 SCEN 2 Original Text | Modern Text | | | Enter  LADY MACBETH  and a  SERVANT | LADY MACBETH  and a  SERVANT  enter. | | LADY MACBETH Is Banquo gone from court? | LADY MACBETH Has Banquo left the court? | | SERVANT Ay, madam, but returns again tonight. | SERVANT Yes, madam, but he’ll be back tonight. | | LADY MACBETH Say to the king I would attend his leisure For a few words. LADY MACBETH Go tell the king I want to talk to him for a few minutes. | 5 | SERVANT Madam, I will. | SERVANT No problem, madam. | | Exit  SERVANT | The  SERVANT  exits. | | LADY MACBETH Naught’s had, all’s spent, Where our desire is got without content. ‘Tis safer to be that which we destroy Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy. | LADY MACBETH If you get what you want and you’re still not happy, you’ve spent everything and gained nothing. It’s better to be the person who gets murdered than to be the killer and be tormented with anxiety. | | Enter  MACBETH | MACBETH  enters. | 10 | How now, my lord! Why do you keep alone, Of sorriest fancies your companions making, Using those thoughts which should indeed have died With them they think on? Things without all remedy Should be without regard. What’s done is done. | What’s going on, my lord? Why are you keeping to yourself, with only your sad thoughts to keep you company? Those thoughts should have died when you killed the men you’re thinking about. If you can’t fix it, you shouldn’t give it a second thought. What’s done is done. | 152025 | MACBETH We have scorched the snake, not killed it. She’ll close and be herself whilst our poor malice Remains in danger of her former tooth. But let the frame of things disjoint, both the worlds suffer, Ere we will eat our meal in fear, and sleep In the affliction of these terrible dreams That shake us nightly. Better be with the dead, Whom we, to gain our peace, have sent to peace, Than on the torture of the mind to lie In restless ecstasy. Duncan is in his grave. After life’s fitful fever he sleeps well. Treason has done his worst; nor steel nor poison, Malice domestic, foreign levy, nothing Can touch him further. | MACBETH We have slashed the snake but not killed it. It will heal and be as good as new, and we’ll be threatened by its fangs once again. But the universe can fall apart, and heaven and earth crumble, before I’ll eat my meals in fear and spend my nights tossing and turning with these nightmares I’ve been having. I’d rather be dead than endure this endless mental torture and harrowing sleep deprivation. We killed those men and sent them to rest in peace so that we could gain our own peace. Duncan lies in his grave, through with life’s troubles, and he’s sleeping well. We have already done the worst we can do to him with our treason. After that, nothing can hurt him further—not weapons, poison, rebellion, invasion, or anything else. Original Text | Modern Text | | 30 | LADY MACBETH Come on, gentle my lord, Sleek o’er your rugged looks. Be bright and jovial Among your guests tonight. | LADY MACBETH Come on, relax, dear. Put on a happy face and look cheerful and agreeable for your guests tonight. | 35 | MACBETH So shall I, love, And so, I pray, be you. Let your remembrance Apply to Banquo; present him eminence, Both with eye and tongue: unsafe the while that we Must lave our honors in these flattering streams, And make our faces vizards to our hearts, Disguising what they are. MACBETH That’s exactly what I’ll do, my love, and I hope you’ll do the same. Give Banquo your special attention. Talk to him and look at him in a way that will make him feel important. We’re in a dangerous situation, where we have to flatter him and hide our true feelings. | | LADY MACBETH You must leave this. | LADY MACBETH You have to stop talking like this. | | MACBETH Oh, full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife! Thou know’st that Banquo, and his Fleance, lives. | MACBETH Argh! I feel like my mind is full of scorpions, my dear wife. You know that Banquo and his son Fleance are still alive. 40 | LADY MACBETH But in them nature’s copy’s not eterne. | LADY MACBETH But they can’t live forever. | 45 | MACBETH There’s comfort yet; they are assailable. Then be thou jocund. Ere the bat hath flown His cloistered flight, ere to black Hecate’s summons The shard-borne beetle with his drowsy hums Hath rung night’s yawning peal, there shall be done A deed of dreadful note. | MACBETH That’s comforting. They can be killed, it’s true. So be cheerful. Before the bat flies through the castle, and before the dung beetle makes his little humming noise to tell us it’s nighttime, a dreadful deed will be done. | LADY MACBETH What’s to be done? | LADY MACBETH What are you going to do? | Original Text | Modern Text | | 5055 | MACBETH Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck, Till thou applaud the deed. Come, seeling night, Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day And with thy bloody and invisible hand Cancel and tear to pieces that great bond Which keeps me pale. Light thickens, and the crow Makes wing to th’ rooky wood. Good things of day begin to droop and drowse; Whiles night’s black agents to their preys do rouse. Thou marvel’st at my words: but hold thee still. Things bad begun make strong themselves by ill. So, prithee, go with me. | MACBETH It’s better you don’t know about it until after it’s done, when you can applaud it. (to the night)Come, night, and blindfold the kindhearted day. Use your bloody and invisible hand to tear up Banquo’s lease on life, which keeps me in fear. (to himself)  The sky’s getting dark, and the crow is returning home to the woods. The gentle creatures of the day are falling asleep, while night’s predators are waking up to look for their prey. (toLADY MACBETH)  You seem surprised at my words, but don’t question me yet. Bad deeds force you to commit more bad deeds. So please, come with me. | | Exeunt | They exit | Original Text | Modern Text | | | Enter three  MURDERERS | The two  MURDERERS  enter with a thirdMURDERER. | | FIRST MURDERER But who did bid thee join with us? | FIRST MURDERER But who told you to come here and join us? | | THIRD MURDERER Macbeth. | THIRD MURDERER Macbeth. | 5 | SECOND MURDERER He needs not our mistrust, since he delivers Our offices and what we have to do To the direction just. | SECOND MURDERER We can trust this guy. He was given exactly the same orders we were. | 10 | FIRST MURDERER Then stand with us. The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day. Now spurs the lated traveler apace To gain the timely inn, and near approaches The subject of our watch. | FIRST MURDERER Then stay with us. There’s still a bit of daylight in the sky. Now all the late travellers are hurrying to reach their inns. Banquo is almost here. | | THIRD MURDERER Hark, I hear horses. | THIRD MURDERER Listen! I hear horses. | | BANQUO (within)  Give us a light there, ho! | BANQUO (from offstage)  Hey, give us some light here! | SECOND MURDERER Then ’tis he: the rest That are within the note of expectation Already are i’ th’ court. | SECOND MURDERER That must be him. The rest of the king’s guests are already inside. | | FIRST MURDERER His horses go about. | FIRST MURDERER You can hear his horses moving around as the servants take them to the stables. | 15 | THIRD MURDERER Almost a mile; but he does usually— So all men do—from hence to the palace gate Make it their walk. | THIRD MURDERER It’s almost a mile to the palace gate, but Banquo, like everybody else, usually walks from here to the palace. | Enter  BANQUO  and  FLEANCE  with a torch | BANQUO  and  FLEANCE  enter with a torch. | Act 3, Scene 3, Page 2 | Original Text | Modern Text | | SECOND MURDERER A light, a light! | SECOND MURDERER Here comes a light! Here comes a light! | | THIRD MURDERER ‘Tis he. | THIRD MURDERER That’s him. | | FIRST MURDERER Stand to ’t. | FIRST MURDERER Prepare yourselves. | | BANQUO It will be rain tonight. | BANQUO It will rain tonight. | | FIRST MURDERER Let it come down. | FIRST MURDERER Then let the rain come down. | The  MURDERERS  attack  BANQUO | The  MURDERERS  attack  BANQUO. | 20 | BANQUO O treachery! Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly, fly! Thou may ’st revenge —O slave! | BANQUO Oh, this is trea chery! Get out of here, good Fleance, run, run, run! Someday you can get revenge. —Oh, you bastard! | | BANQUO  dies. Exit  FLEANCE | BANQUO  dies. FLEANCE  escapes. | | THIRD MURDERER Who did strike out the light? | THIRD MURDERER Who put out the light? | | FIRSTMURDERER Was ’t not the way? | FIRST MURDERER Wasn’t that the best thing to do? | | THIRD MURDERER There’s but one down. The son is fled. | THIRD MURDERER There’s only one body here. The son ran away. | | SECOND MURDERER We have lost best half of our affair. | SECOND MURDERER We failed in half of our mission. | | FIRST MURDERER Well, let’s away and say how much is done. | FIRST MURDERER Well, let’s get out of here and tell Macbeth what we did accomplish. | | Exeunt | They exit. | Original Text | Modern Text | | | Banquet prepared. Enter  MACBETH,  LADY MACBETH,  ROSS,  LENNOX,  LORDS, and attendants. | The stage is set for a banquet. MACBETH  enters with  LADY MACBETH,  ROSS,  LENNOX,LORDS, and their attendants. | MACBETH You know your own degrees; sit down. At first And last, the hearty welcome. | MACBETH You know your own ranks, so you know where to sit. Sit down. From the highest to the lowest of you, I bid you a hearty welcome. | | The  LORDS  sit | The  LORDS  sit down. | | LORDS Thanks to your majesty. | LORDS Thanks to your majesty. | 5 | MACBETH O urself will mingle with society And play the humble host. Our hostess keeps her state, but in best time We will require her welcome. | MACBETH I will walk around and mingle with all of you, playing the humble host. My wife will stay in her royal chair, but at the appropriate time I will have her welcome you all. | | LADY MACBETH Pronounce it for me, sir, to all our friends, For my heart speaks they are welcome. | LADY MACBETH Say welcome to all of our friends for me, sir, for in my heart they are all welcome. | | Enter  FIRST MURDERER  at the door | The  FIRST MURDERER  appears at the door. | 10 | MACBETH See, they encounter thee with their hearts’ thanks. Both sides are even. Here I’ll sit i’ th’ midst. Be large in mirth. Anon we’ll drink a measure The table round. MACBETH And they respond to you with their hearts as well. The table is full on both sides. I will sit here in the middle. Be free and happy. Soon we will toast around the table. | | (aside to  FIRST MURDERER)  There’s blood upon thy face. | (approaching the door and speaking to theMURDERER)  There’s blood on your face. | | FIRST MURDERER ‘Tis Banquo’s then. | FIRST MURDERER Then it must be Banquo’s. | 15 | MACBETH ‘Tis better thee without than he within. Is he dispatched? | MACBETH I’d rather see his blood splattered on your face than flowing through his veins. Did you finish him off? | How to cite Macbeth in 21 Century English, Essay examples

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Locke and Berkeleyapos;s Views on Representative Realism Essay Example

Locke and Berkeleys Views on Representative Realism Essay Locke and Berkeleys Views on Representative Realism What are Berkeleys main criticisms of Lockes representative realism?Are his objections good ones? Representative realism is the belief that physical objects are independent from the mind and that they carry certain characteristics that have nothing to do with the individual perceiving them.It is the belief that objects exist whether or not they are being perceived or not.John Locke was a realist, who held a strong belief in the idea that physical objects are real and that they carry specific characteristics no matter whom the perceiver is. He held that our perception is not always accurate as it does not always tell us how something really looks or feels or smells, etc. and that objects will always be there, that we, as human beings, perceive ideasfirst and than the physical object itself.We perceive primary qualities, i.e. physical properties.Locke believes that primary qualities, such as motion or shape, are in the objects themsel ves and do not rely on being perceived.Secondary qualities, such as colour or temperature, depend on the mind of the perceiver.They produce specific sensations in us, which affect how we view them.George Berkeley, an idealist, believed that nothing can exist without the mind insofar as characteristics and qualities are not in the object itself but rather in the perceiver.He held that primary qualities are no different from secondary qualities in that they are both mind-dependent.All physical objects depend on the human mind in order for them to exist.They are sensible properties as they are the sum of ideas and views that one has about the object.A good example of Berkeleys views on physical objects and their characteristics is the assimilation argument.He argues that objects do not contain pain or pleasures as they only exist in the perceivers mind.For example, a pin does not contain pain, i